Indian National Congress: From 1885 till 2017, a brief history of past presidents

The Indian National Congress is all set to welcome its new president, nearly two decades after Sonia Gandhi was elected to the post. Sonia Gandhi’s son Rahul Gandhi is expected to be elected unopposed as the nomination process drew to a close.
In the gathering framed by British government employee Allan Octavian Hume in 1885, Sonia Gandhi is the longest-serving leader of INC.

In its underlying days, the gathering was not framed to request autonomy from British run the show. It was somewhat set up to unite a gathering of taught people on a typical stage to impact policymaking.

Master Dufferin was the Viceroy of British India when party was framed. The primary gathering of delegates was assembled on December 25, 1885, by the Union of Pune (Maharashtra) however the meeting was later chosen to be held in Bombay. The meeting occurred from December 28-31 in Bombay’s Gokuldas Tejpal Sanskrit College. Womesh Chandra Bonnerjee was the leader of the primary session of the Indian National Congress. An aggregate 72 delegates from all parts of the nation partook in the session.

Here is a list of all Congress party presidents:

1885, 1892: W.C. Bonnerjee was the President of the 1885 session in Bombay. He was the first president of the Indian National Congress. Bonnerjee was also the president of INC’s Allahabad session in 1892.
1886, 1893: Dadabhai Naoroji was the president of the Calcutta conference in 1886. The Lahore session in 1893 was also held under his presidentship. He was a Parsi intellectual, educator, cotton trader and social reformer renowned as the Grand Old Man of India.
1887: Badruddin Tyabji was the president at the Madras conference in 1887.
1888: George Yule became the first British president of INC and presided over the Allahabad session in 1888.
1889, 1910: William Wedderburn was the president at the Bombay session in 1889 and the Allahabad conference in 1910.
1890: Pherozeshah Mehta was the president of INC’s Calcutta session in 1890. He was a leading lawyer in the Bombay presidency and was knighted by the British government for his service.
1891: Anandacharlu presided over the Nagpur session in 1891.
1894: Alfred Webb was the president at the 1894 Madras conference.

1895, 1892: Surendranath Banerjee was the leader of INC’s Poona session in 1895 and the Ahmedabad gathering in 1902. He was known as the sobriquet Rashtraguru.

1896: Rahimtulla M Sayani was the president at the Calcutta session in 1896. One of the establishing individuals from INC, he was the second Muslim to wind up plainly its leader. He was an adherent of Aga Khan and was from the Khoja people group.

1897: C. Sankaran Nair was the president at Amraoti gathering of INC in 1897. Till date, he is the main Keralite to have held the position. A legal counselor, legal adviser and extremist by calling, he had hammered the overbearing of the remote organization and called for self-administration.

1898: Anandamohan Bose, an attorney by calling, was the president at the Madras gathering in 1898.

1899: Romesh Chunder Dutt managed the Lucknow gathering in 1899. He was a government worker, author, interpreter of Mahabharata and Ramayana, and a monetary student of history.

1900: Sir Narayan Ganesh Chandavarkar was the leader of the Lahore session of INC in 1900. He was then one of the main Hindu reformers in western India. He was likewise on the seat of the Bombay High Court and was knighted in 1910.

1901: Dinshaw Edulji Wacha, one of the establishing individuals from INC, was president at the 1901 Calcutta session of INC.

1903: Lalmohan Ghosh directed the 1903 meeting of INC in Madras. He was a main Bengali counselor.

1904: Henry John Stedman Cotton was the president at the 1904 meeting at Bombay. He was a long-serving Indian government worker and was thoughtful to the opinions of Indian patriots.

1905: Gopal Krishna Gokhale directed the Benares gathering in 1905. He went ahead to lead the direct gathering (naram dal) after the gathering split into garam dal and naram dal. After Mahatma Gandhi’s arrival to India, he joined Gokhale’s gathering to lead the freedom development.

1907, 1908: Rashbihari Ghosh was the leader of INC’s Surat meeting in 1907 and the Madras session of 1908. He was a government official, legal counselor, social dissident and giver. He was a standout amongst the most vocal adversaries of radicalism or fanaticism and was a piece of the conservatives.

1909, 1918: Pandit Madan Mohan Malaviya was the leader of INC’s 1909 meeting in Lahore and the 1918 gathering in Delhi. He is credited with establishing the Benares Hindu University, Asia’s biggest private college. An educationist by calling, he was deliberated with the title mahamana by Rabindranath Tagore and was additionally after death met with the Bharat Ratna.

1911: Bishan Narayan Dar managed the Calcutta session in 1911.

1912: Rao Bahadur Raghunath Narasinha Mudholkar was the president at the Bankipore session of INC in 1912. He was a staunch promoter of female instruction, dowager remarriage nullification of untouchability. He was additionally Companion (CIE) of the Most Eminent Order of the Indian Empire, a request of valor established by Queen Victoria in 1878.

1913; Nawab Syed Muhammad Bahadur was the president at INC’s Karachi session in 1913. Naturally introduced to one of the wealthiest families in south India, he was additionally the principal Muslim sheriff of Madras.

1914: Bhupendra Nath Bose was the president at the 1914 session of INC in Madras. He was likewise the primary leader of Mohun Bagan AC.

1915: Lord Satyendra Prasanna Sinha, the main noble of Raipur, was the leader of the Bombay meeting in 1915. He was later knighted and turned into the principal Indian to be an individual from the British House of Lords. Sinha’s ennoblement additionally moved a bill that in the end turned into the Government of India Act 1919.

1916: Ambica Charan Mazumdar was the president at INC’s Lucknow session in 1916. The noteworthy Lucknow Pact between the INC and Muslim League was marked amid this session. It was additionally the session where the Congress’ direct and fanatic gatherings rejoined.

1917: Annie Besant directed the 1917 session in Calcutta and turned into the principal lady leader of INC. Besant was a humanist, theosophist, social reformer and a backer of Indian self-run the show.

1918: Syed Hasan Imam managed the Special Session of 1918 in Bombay. The session was met to think the petulant Montagu– Chelmsford Reforms Scheme. He was additionally a pioneer of the Khilafat development.

1919: Motilal Nehru directed the Amritsar session of INC in 1919 too the Kolkata session of 1928. Motilal Nehru was a prominent legal counselor and is the originator patriarch of the Nehru-Gandhi family. The second session directed by him saw a tussle between two areas of the gathering – one which acknowledged domain status and the other which needed finish freedom. He was additionally part of the common rebellion development, non-participation development, and the Swaraj party. In spite of the fact that near Mahatma Gandhi, he was frequently condemning of him.

1920: Lala Lajpat Rai directed the Calcutta session in 1920. He was viewed as Punjab Kesari. A flexibility warrior, he likewise questionably requested India to be partitioned into a Hindu and Muslim state in 1923. He was additionally a pioneer of a few Hindu change developments, including the Arya Samaj.

1920: C. Vijayaraghavachariar managed the Special Session at Nagpur in 1920. He was a conventional vaishnavite who was blamed for prompting religious mobs, however was cleared later. He was near AO Hume and assumed a key part in the arrangement of the Swaraj Constitution. He was additionally part of the Propaganda Committee of Congress.

1921: Hakim Ajmal Khan directed the 1921 session in Ahmedabad. He was one of the originators of Delhi’s Jamia Millia Islamia University and the Ayurvedic and Unani Tibbia (medicinal) College. He is the main individual to have been delegated leader of the Indian National Congress, the Muslim League and the All India Khilafat Committee.

1922: Deshbandhu Chittaranjan Das managed the Gaya gathering of INC in 1922. A legal counselor by calling, he was a main individual from the Indian National Movement and an establishing pioneer of the Swaraj Party in Bengal.

1923: Mohammad Ali Jouhar was the president at the Kakinada session of INC in 1923.

1923, 1940-46: Abul Kalam Azad managed the Delhi Special Session in 1923. He was likewise chosen directed of the 1940 session in Ramgarh. Normally viewed as Maulana Azad, the pioneer was presented Bharat Ratna after death. He was a progressive artist, writer, extremist and opportunity contender. He is credited for the development of University Grants Commission and the Indian Institutes of Technology. He managed the development of a national training framework which offered free instruction till elementary school.

1924: Mohandas Karamchand Gandhi was the leader of INC’s Belgaum session in 1924. Gandhi initiated a few developments like the peaceful common rebellion, non-collaboration, swadesi development and so on. Gandhi is a standout amongst the most imperative individuals from the Indian patriot development exclusively on the premise of impact and mass help assembled by his vision of peacefulness, religious pluralism, swaraj and an upliftment of the discouraged.

1925: Sarojini Naidu managed the 1925 session in Kanpur.

1926: S Srinivasa Iyengar was the president at the Gauhati session of Congress in 1926. A famous legal counselor, he filled in as the Advocate-General of Madras Presidency from 1916-1920.

1927: Mukhtar Ahmed Ansari managed the Madras session in 1927. He likewise filled in as the leader of the Muslim League and was one of the organizers of Jamia Millia Islamia University. He was chancellor from 1928-36.

1929, 1930, 1936, 1937, 1946 (July-Sep), 1951-1954: Jawaharlal Nehru managed the Lahore session in 1929 and also the Karachi session of 1930. He additionally managed the 1936 sessions in Lucknow and the 1937 session in Faizpur. He directed the Delhi sessions in 1951 and 1952 and also the Hyderabad and Calcutta sessions in 1953 and 1954.

Jawaharlal Nehru wasn’t chosen president in 1929 however was supported by the powerful Motilal Nehru. Notwithstanding, he was one of the focal figures of Indian legislative issues and Independence development. The main head administrator of autonomous India was a prepared attorney and was guided by Gandhi. He is viewed as Pandit Nehru because of roots his in the Kashmiri Pandit people group.

1931: Sardar Vallabhbhai Patel was leader of the Karachi session in 1931. The meeting supported the Gandhi-Irwin Pact under his presidentship at this session. Patel was one of the main figures of Indian freedom development and is attributed with inducing many regions to shape India.

1933: Nellie Sengupta directed the Calcutta session in 1933.

1934, 1935: Rajendra Pasad was the leader of the INC of Bombay meeting in 1934 and the Lucknow session in 1935. Rajendra Prasad additionally went ahead to end up noticeably the principal leader of free India.

1938, 1939: Subhas Chandra Bose was the leader of the Haripura session of Congress. He was chosen the president for the Jabalpur session in 1939 however needed to leave. He was supplanted by Rajendra Prasad. Bose established the Indian National Army (INA) and was against the radical development embraced by INC. His development went for freeing India by the all Indian armed force INA. He is one of most eminent opportunity contenders in India’s history.

1947: J.B. Kripalani managed the Meerut session in 1947. He was a standout amongst the most enthusiastic supporters of Mahatma Gandhi and was leader of INC amid exchange of energy from Britain to India in 1947.

1948, 1949: Pattabhi Sitaraimayya was the leader of INC in 1948 and 1949, and directed the Jaipur gathering. He was a staunch promoter of territories partitioned on etymological lines.

1950: Purushottam Das Tandon was president in 1950 and directed the Nasik session. He was one of the main assumes that requested authority dialect status for Hindi.

1955-1959: U. N. Dhebar was leader of INC from 1955-1959. Amid his chance, he managed the sessions in Avadi, Amritsar, Indore, Gauhati and Nagpur.

1959, 1978-84: Indira Gandhi was tutored by her dad Jawaharlal Nehru and learnt the subtleties of gathering governmental issues and administration by functioning as his associate for quite a long while. She was chosen as president in 1959 and managed the Delhi exceptional session. She was re-chosen as president after the split in Congress in 1978 and, excepting a short hole, served till her death in 1984. She picked up reputation for a few issues like inconvenience of crisis, war with Pakistan, choking of press, assault of Golden Temple and so forth. She is likewise famous as one of India’s most grounded and most conclusive executives.

1960-1963: Neelam Sanjiva Reddy was leader of INC from 1960-1963 managing the Bangalore, Bhavnagar and Patna sessions. He additionally went ahead to wind up plainly the 6th leader of India.

1964-1967: K. Kamaraj was leader of INC from 1964 to 1967 managing Bhubaneswar, Durgapur and Jaipur sessions. He was viewed as the kingmaker in Indian legislative issues. He assumed a critical part in the height of Lal Bahadur Shastri as India’s head administrator after Jawaharlal Nehru’s passing.

1968, 1969: S. Nijalingappa was INC’s leader in 1968-69. He was a key individual from the Indian autonomy development and the unification of Karnataka.

1970, 1971: Jagjivan Ram was president in 1970-71. Normally viewed as Babuji, he was a pioneer for the retrogressive classes, untouchables and misused work. He pushed for social equity to be revered in the constitution and was the most youthful pastor in Nehru’s between time government in 1946.

1972-74: Shankar Dayal Sharma filled in as leader of INC for a long time. He went ahead to end up noticeably the ninth leader of India. He is likewise the beneficiary of Living Legends of Law Award of Recognition by the International Bar Association.

1975-77: Devakanta Barua filled in as Congress president amid crisis from 1975-1977. He had once broadly stated: “India is Indira. Indira is India.” However, he later left Indira’s side and joined Congress (Urs), which was later rechristened Indian Congress (Socialist).

1985-1991: Rajiv Gandhi succeeded his mom Indira Gandhi to the position of INC president in 1985 and served until the point when the time he was killed in 1991. He turned into the most youthful executive of India when he was chosen to the post at age of 40. His residency was buried in discussions like the Bhopal gas disaster, Shah Bano case, Bofors trick, which prompted Congress’ annihilation in 1989. He additionally obstructed the upset in Maldives, alienated gatherings like PLOTE, sent peace corps to Sri Lanka in 1987 which brought about direct clash with the Liberation Tigers of Tamil Eelam (LTTE). He was the more youthful sibling of Congress pioneer Sanjay Gandhi and spouse to Sonia Gandhi.

1992-96: PV Narsimha Rao was leader of Congress from 1992 to 1996. He was the main leader from southern India and, under his residency, he regulated the progression of India’s economy.

1996-1998: Sitaram Kesri was elected president and served from 1996-1998. His was one of the most controversial exits from the party.
1998-2017: Sonia Gandhi, Italian by descent, married Rajiv Gandhi to come into the Nehru-Gandhi family. She is the longest-serving president of the party till date. She joined the party as a primary member at the 1997 plenary session and was elected president in 1998. She took over the reins of the party seven years after her husband was assassinated and has held office since then. Under her tenure, she began by suffering defeat at the hands of the BJP. However, she led the party to two consecutive victories during general elections in 2004 and 2009.

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